The Foundation awards each year a number of prestigious scientific awards: the Robert Koch Award, one of the highest-ranking scientific awards in Germany, the Robert Koch Gold Medal, three awards for young scientists and, since 2013, the Prize for Hospital Hygiene and Infection Prevention.
Robert Koch award winners enjoy high international acclaim. This is undoubtedly because, since 1975, twelve prizewinners have subsequently been awarded a Nobel Prize.
|Harald zur Hausen||Robert Koch Award 1975||Nobel Prize for Medicine 2008|
|Jean Dausset||Robert Koch Award 1977||Nobel Prize for Medicine 1980|
|César Milstein||Robert Koch Award 1980||Nobel Prize for Medicine 1984|
|Susumu Tonegawa||Robert Koch Award 1986||Nobel Prize for Medicine 1987|
|Ernst Ruska||Robert Koch Gold Medal 1986||Nobel Prize for Physics 1986|
|Kary B. Mullis||Robert Koch Award 1992||Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1993|
|Ralph M. Steinman||Robert Koch Award 1999||Nobel Prize for Medicine 2011|
|Bruce A. Beutler||Robert Koch Award 2004||Nobel Prize for Medicine 2011|
|Jules A. Hoffmann||Robert Koch Award 2004||Nobel Prize for Medicine 2011|
|Shinya Yamanaka||Robert Koch Award 2008||Nobel Prize for Medicine 2012|
|Satoshi Omura||Robert Koch Gold Medal 1997||Nobel Prize for Medicine 2015|
|Tasuku Honjo||Robert Koch Award 2012||Nobel Prize for Medicine 2018|